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Bones

What to know about DEXA scans

A DEXA scan usually assesses or measures bone density. It may also have uses in determining body composition, such as the percentage of lean muscle and fat. The dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan uses two low-energy X-ray beams,…

What is a TFCC tear?

The triangular fibrocartilage complex is a structure in the wrist. Sustaining an injury or tear to this area can cause pain along the outside of the wrist and limit its range of motion. The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is a…

How to prevent rotator cuff injuries

The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that connects the upper arm bone to the shoulder blade. Four muscles attach to the bones of the shoulder joint, and these form the rotator cuff. Performing certain rotator cuff exercises can help…

Is my jaw broken or dislocated?

A broken jaw refers to a fracture of the jawbone or mandible, whereas a dislocated jaw is where the lower part of the jaw moves out of position. Both injuries have a variety of causes, including facial trauma. Stretching the jaw too much,…

Best exercises and remedies for plantar fasciitis

Foot stretches and exercises can help plantar fasciitis by relieving pain, improving muscle strength, and promoting flexibility in the foot muscles and ligaments. Overuse, strain, and inflammation on the plantar fascia ligament that…

Foot bones: Everything you need to know

The foot is an intricate part of the body, consisting of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, and 19 muscles. The bones and joints in the feet experience wear and tear, so conditions that cause damage to the foot can directly affect its…

Antibiotics disrupt gut bacteria, impact bone health

A new study about the side effects of antibiotic treatment reveals that it may dysregulate postpubertal skeletal development by interfering with gut bacteria. A new study examines bone health, antibiotics, and the immune system. The…

What to know about front shoulder pain

Damage to the shoulder may result from repetitive movements, manual labor, sports, or aging. A person may also injure this part of the body due to a bad fall or accident. Many people visit the doctor with front, or anterior, shoulder pain.…

What to know about kyphosis

Kyphosis is an abnormal rounding of the upper back. It is a relatively common condition that often develops in adolescence or young adulthood. Having a small curve in the upper back is normal. Kyphosis is an excessive spinal curve that can…

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